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Safari | Python Developer's Handbook -> Python on UNIX Systems





< BACKMake Note | BookmarkCONTINUE >
152015024128143245168232148039196038240039088173205162105045222219254161018166212011006

Python on UNIX Systems

Probably, UNIX users are the largest slice of the Python community pie graph, which consequently turns this system into the one that has the most tested distribution. The only thing that can be considered a negative aspect is the fact that you have to compile and build the distribution yourself. But that's understandable because there are several different types of UNIX out there. However, to make things simple, nowadays most Linux distributions already come with Python installed for you. You just need to check whether it is the latest version available.

Sometimes, people build Python with some modules disabled (for instance, optional modules and modules that belong to specific Operating Systems). If that's your case, and you feel that you are missing something such as the Tkinter module, you can rebuild Python yourself.

Note

The Tk toolkit is portable to many UNIX platforms, which makes Tkinter a portable GUI option across different UNIX systems.



In order to enable the modules that are disabled on your system, you need to copy the file /Modules/Setup.in (located at the source distribution) to Setup, and edit that file. Note that each line in the file lists the module name, the source file, compiler options, and linked libraries. Take a look in the following line:

					
#readline readline.c -lreadline -ltermcap

				

In order to add the GNU readline program to your Python executable, you need to uncomment the line, and rebuild the interpreter by typing the following commands in the top-level directory of the source tree. See Chapter 17, "Development Tools," for more details.

					
make
make install

				

The standard Python distribution contains some extensions that are specifically for UNIX systems, such as crypt, dbm, gdbm, grp, pwd, stat, and termios. These modules aren't available for Windows or for Mac platforms.

SGI systems, on the other hand, also have their specific modules, which are

  • al and AL for handling the audio library

  • cd for operating the CD library

  • fl, flp, and FL for accessing the FORMS library

  • fm, the font manager

SunOS/Solaris systems have their specific module as well: sunaudiodev, which is used to access the audio device.

There are also some Linux specific modules, such as linuxaudiodev, included with Python.


Last updated on 1/30/2002
Python Developer's Handbook, © 2002 Sams Publishing

< BACKMake Note | BookmarkCONTINUE >

Index terms contained in this section

al module
AL module
cd module
enabling
     modules
            UNIX operating systems
fl module
FL module
flp module
fm module
FORMS library
libraries
      FORMS
modules
      al
      AL
      cd
     enabling
            UNIX operating systems
      fl
      FL
      flp
      fm
      sunaudiodev
running
     Python
            UNIX
sunaudiodev module
Tk toolkit
toolkits
      Tk
turning on
     modules
            UNIX operating systems
UNIX
      running Python

2002, O'Reilly & Associates, Inc.

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